In the Gospel of Mark, why does Jesus appear in Galilee, and not in some other place?

The most obvious reason is: the Sea of Galilee is in Galilee. That allows Mark to have characters who are fishermen, and to stage scenes that involve boats. Second, Galilee is near enough to Jerusalem that Jesus and his entourage can plausibly, in the world …

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Why is “Thomas” used in the name of a sayings collection (the Gospel of Thomas)?

“Thomas” means “twin.” The name was used to designate the author of a sayings collection used by Judean/proto-Christian congregations. The meaning that first comes to mind is “identical twin.” But that meaning does not add any value: why attribute sayings to an identical twin? I suggest …

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